دیاسپوراها؛ حافظه جمعی؛ فناوری‌های ارتباطی و اطلاعاتی

نویسنده

دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکز

چکیده

مقاله حاضر در پی بررسی تاثیر فناوری­های ارتباطی و اطلاعاتی بر ارتباطات مهاجران (دیاسپوراها) و تقویت حافظه جمعی آنان در اقصاء نقاط جهان است که به این منظور از روش مطالعه کتابخانه­ای و اسنادی و ابزار فیش برداری بهره گرفته است. حافظه جمعی یا گذشته مشترک همواره برانگیزاننده دیاسپوراها برای بازگشت به و حفظ ارتباط با میهن اصلی بوده است. نتایج مطالعه حاکی از آن است که با توجه به پتانسیل­های فناوری­های ارتباطی و اطلاعاتی، ارتباطات جهانی، مفاهیم حوزه دیاسپورا و حافظه جمعی را تغییر داده است؛ چرا که با کم کردن فواصل زمانی و مکانی امکان ارتباط مداوم بین افراد دیاسپوریک را فراهم کرده و این امر حس در تبعید بودن و دوری از سرزمین آبا و اجدادی را تغییر داده است و مهمتر این که امکان تشکیل دولت-ملت­های رسانه­ای را برای اجتماعات دیاسپوریک فراهم کرده است.

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